Open Educational Resources  (OERs)
useful for Education and Research in ICT Era

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Electronic resources are results of the development of ICT. The web portal is a collection of metadata links of open access resources useful for education and research.  The purpose to create the web portal is to make aware students, faculty members, research scholars, government officials and law clerks about the existence of open access resources protected under creative common licences and under copyright free environment.  The web portal is an effort to provides access to information available under pubic domain worldwide.  Information resources of international organizations have also been indexed for better visibility of their publications and research reports.  These resources are also useful for colleges and universities having limited financial resources restricting subscribing costly databases. The web portal has been developed with a view to provide information resources available in public domain and under open access (Creative Common Licences) without consideration of any Monterey aspects and can be used for educational and research purpose, hence not liable for any breach of copyright.  In case of any objection by any organization/ individual, the noted link(s) would be excluded from the portal.

A review of the history of the term “public domain” shows that it has traditionally been associated with public land and has never had a universally accepted meaning in the context of information. Indeed, there is little in official public documents or even in the scholarly literature that deals definitively with this subject. Most legal scholars would define public domain information by what it is not; that is, any information that is not proprietary, the yin to the proprietary yang. But such a definition is insufficient, for it does not adequately characterize or describe what public domain information in fact is, and provides no basis on which to evaluate its positive role and its value to knowledge societies, especially in the context of economic and social development. 

The UNESCO Recommendation on Promotion and Use of Multilingualism and Universal Access to Cyberspace provides the following definition: “Public domain information refers to publicly accessible information, the use of which does not infringe any legal right, or any obligation of confidentiality. It thus refers on the one hand to the realm of all works or objects of related rights, which can be exploited by everybody without any authorization, for instance because protection is not granted under national or international law, or because of the expiration of the term of protection. It refers on the other hand to public data and official information Produced and voluntarily made available by governments or international organizations.”

Under this definition, information in the public domain covers two distinct notions: On the one hand, “public domain information” can be defined as what is left outside the scope of any form of statutory protection including intellectual property rights, the protection of national security or public order, privacy laws and obligations of confidentiality. (Text taken from UNESCO Policy Guidelines for Governmental Public Information contributed by Paul F. Uhlir) full text link

Budapest Open Access Initiative launched by Open Society Institute, 2002

IFLA Internet Manifesto on "freedom of access to information" and the removal of "barriers to the flow of information 2002".  

Budapest Open Access Initiative, 2003.   

Directory of Open Access Journals, 2003

Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing, 2003

Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities , 2003

The Public Domain of Digital Research Data , 2004

IFLA Statement on Open Access to Scholarly Literature and Research Documentation, 2004

Scottish Declaration of Open Access, 2004

Vienna Declaration: 10 Theses on Freedom of Information, 2005

The Salvador Declaration on Open Access: The Developing World Perspective, 2005

National Open Access Policy for Developing Countries, 2006

IFLA/UNESCO Internet Manifesto Guidelines, 2006

Principles And Guidelines For Access To Research Data From Public Funding, (OECD) 2006

Declaration on Access to Research Data From Public Funding, (OECD) 2006

Brussels Declaration on STM Publishing, 2007

Public Domain Dedication & Licence, 2008

Kigali Declaration on the Development of an Equitable Information Society in Africa, 2009

OpenAIRE (Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe), 2010

Open Access Journal Bibliography, 2010 

Bibliography on Citation Impact, 2010 

Durham Statement on Open Access to Legal Scholarship 2010

DOAB (Directory of Open Access Books), 2012

IS4OA (Infrastructure Services for Open Access), 2012

BOAI10 Recommendations, 2012

SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics), 2014

Department of Biotechnology and Department of Science & Technology Open Access Policy for access to DBT and DST Funder Research, Government of India, December, 2014. (Registry of Research Data Repositories), 2015

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Open Access Policy 2015

OA2020 project begins, March, 2016.

European Union announces that "all scientific articles in Europe must be freely accessible as of 2020, May 2016. repository service ends. contents migrated to  Zenodo, 2017.

Opencon conference held in Berlin, Germany, November 11-13, 2017.

Delhi Declaration on Open Access issued; signed by members of Open Access India, Creative Commons India, and others on February 14, 2018.

Tempe Declaration: Extending Access to Information through Offline Internet issued on Februrary, 19, 2018.

Created and Maintained by

Dr. Priya Rai
Deputy Librarian and Head
Justice T.P.S. Chawla Library
National Law Univeristy Delhi

Dr. Akash Singh
Assistant Librarian (Selection Grade AL-12)
National Law University Delhi